The Moon did not offer any favorable conditions for Man to stay there even for a minute. It did not have air to breathe or water to drink. Neither did it have an atmosphere to block the harmful radiations. Moreover, the Moon had extreme climatic conditions. Despite these adverse conditions, NASA aimed to send Man to the Moon. This project was named Apollo. Mission Apollo was intended to land people on the Moon and bring them back securely.
They first had to aim for a precise point in space, or else the Moon would be missed altogether. The spacecraft had to travel 3,84,400 kilometers to reach the Moon. The Apollo program consisted of a large number of unmanned test missions and eleven manned missions.
Which was the first manned flight of the Apollo mission?
Launched in October 1968, Apollo 7 is credited with the first manned flight; it is the first mission in the Apollo program to carry a crew into space. In fact, Apollo 1 was intended to take the first astronauts into space. Unfortunately, its cabin caught fire in one of the test flights, killing the crew. This happened in January 1967. NASA then banned all manned flights until the reason for the fire was found out. Safety measures were improved after the investigations and Apollo 7 was launched after that. Commanded by Walter M Schirra, Apollo 7 was a complete success which gave NASA enough confidence to launch Apollo 8.
What do we know about the structure of the Apollo shuttle?
Apollo was a three-part space craft that consisted of a command module, service module and a lunar module.
1.The command module or the CM contained the crew’s quarters and the flight control section. It contained every one of the important orders and instruments to work the space apparatus and to get back to the Earth. The CM was indeed the solitary part that got back to the Earth.
2.The Apollo shuttle’s administration module or the Service Module conveyed the rocket motor that could be begun or halted at whatever point required. The SM held the space specialty’s electrical force framework.
3. The third part known as the Lunar Module, or the LM. It took the team to the outside of the Moon. This module additionally gave the space explorers the important help on the Moon and returned them to the order module.
Why did Apollo 11 create history?
Even after half a century, Apollo 11 is remembered with great pride not only by the Americans but the whole of humanity. Apollo 11 made it workable for America, to satisfy a fantasy that it had loved for quite a long time, and a mission that nobody had endeavored before to leave human. It was July 20, 1969. Apollo 11 voyaged 3,84,400 kilometers in space conveying three space explorers and arrived on the Moon. Neil Armstrong was quick to step on the Moon.
“That is one little advance for a man, one monster jump for humanity.” This was what Neil Armstrong said following going to the Moon. With Apollo 11, America prevailing with regards to taking man to the Moon and back securely, consequently achieving the public objective set by President John F Kennedy. It likewise led the logical investigation of the lunar surface and conveyed a camera to communicate signs to the Earth.
What happened to Apollo 13 ?
Apollo 13 was the third mission aimed at landing on the Moon and was launched on April 11, 1970. Unfortunately, one of the oxygen tanks in the service module exploded. This happened because of the explosion of the fuel cell tank that resulted in the loss of power and oxygen. An insulation wire inside the tank was damaged which led to the explosion. Therefore, the crew had to cancel the plan to land on the Moon. However, they orbited around the Moon and returned safe on April 17, 1970. Apollo 13 was commanded by Jim Lovell and the crew included Jack Swigert and Fred Haise.
What is special about Apollo 17?
Apollo 17 was the last spacecraft of NASA’s Apollo mission. It was launched in December, 1972. Commanded by Eugene Cernan, the crew consisted of Ronald Evans and Harrison Schmitt. Apollo 17 also carried out biological experiments on five mice- Fe, Fi, Fo, Fum and Phooey. These five mice travelled from the Earth along with the astronauts and circled the Moon 75 times!
Radiation monitors were implanted under their scalp to see whether they would suffer any damage from cosmic rays. One of the mice died while the other four were either killed or dissected for further studies upon their return. Cernan and Schmitt landed on the Moon, completed three moonwalks, and collected lunar samples that would give evidences of volcanic activity in lunar highlands.